Artigo publicado: exploring the Impact of Educational Television and Parent–Child Discussions on Children’s Racial Attitudes

Título: Exploring the Impact of Educational Television and Parent–Child Discussions on Children’s Racial Attitudes

Autores: Brigitte Vittrup and George W. Holden

Periódico: Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9, 1

Abstract: clique aqui
The purpose of this study was to test the potential of educational television and parent–child discussions about race to change White children’s attitudes toward Blacks. Ninety-three White children ages 5–7 and their parents participated. Families were randomly assigned into three experimental groups and one control group. Those in the experimental groups were asked either to show their children five educational videos, with or without additional discussions, or to have race-related discussions with their children without the videos. Improvements were seen in children’s out-group attitudes in both the video and discussion groups, whereas in-group attitudes decreased for those who watched videos and had discussions with their parents. Results revealed lack of parental compliance. Even when instructed to do so, only 10% of parents reported having in-depth race-related discussions with their children. Children’s racial attitudes were not significantly correlated with those of their parents, but children’s perceptions of their parents’ attitudes were positively correlated with their own. Reasons for parents’ reticence about race discussions, their outcome implications, and directions for future research and intervention are discussed.

Artigo publicado: Decreasing Gender Prejudice Among Children

Título: Teaching Children Fairness: Decreasing Gender Prejudice Among Children

Autores: Britney G. Brinkman, Allison Jedinak, Lee A. Rosen and Toni S. Zimmerman

Periódico: Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9, 1

Abstract: clique aqui
Elementary school children (66 girls and 55 boys, aged 10–13 years) in the Western United States participated in a program designed to teach them about fairness and to decrease their engagement in gender-prejudice behaviors. The study utilized a pretest/posttest design comparing students in the treatment group to students in a control group. Children and teachers completed measures regarding the children’s engagement of gender prejudice among their classmates, and students participated in focus groups after completing the program. At posttest, students in the treatment group reported experiencing less gender-prejudice by their classmates than students in the control group. Teachers also reported fewer gender-prejudice behaviors by the students in the treatment group. Qualitative analyses of the focus groups revealed that the students reported learning to challenge gender role stereotypes and endorsed a commitment to treating boys and girls fairly.

Estereótipos e preconceitos: mais um teste

Contribuição: Mariana Barreto

Este vídeo aborda sobre um experimento que inicialmente foi realizado por Clark and Clark na década de 40. É um experimento bem conhecido, mas importante de ser relembrado, pois demonstra como os estereótipos são transmitidos de geração em geração e como as crianças assimilam estas crenças ainda em tenra idade. É importante destacar que no caso deste documentário embora as crianças sejam negras elas demonstram atitudes que são contrárias ao seu próprio grupo social, o que demonstraria uma tendência oposta ao comportamento relato por Todd em seu livro, o qual afirma que existe uma tendência em valorizar os indivíduos que pertencem ao seu mesmo grupo e discriminar, ou desvalorizar, os indivíduos que não pertencem ao seu grupo. No experimento, a maioria das crianças entrevistadas categorizam as bonecas pretas como más e as bonecas brancas como boas, ainda que os entrevistados tenham sido de raça negra ou mulata. Tal conduta demonstra uma rejeição da própria identidade pelas crianças negras, rejeição que muitas vezes ocorre de modo inconsciente, em decorrência da assimialação de valores, crenças que são transmitidos pela mídia e por um processo histórico e sócio-cultural.