Referências

Abelson, R., Dasgupta, N., Park, J., & Banaji, M. (1998). Perceptions of the Collective Other. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(4), 243-250.

Abrams, D., & Hogg, M. (2013). Social identity and self-categorization. In The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 179-193). London: Sage Publications.

Adams, M. (1990). The Wellborn science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia. New York: Oxford University Press.

Adorno, T., Frenkel-Brunswick, E., Levinson, D., & Sanford, R. (1950). The Authoritarian Personality (3. ed.). New York: Harper.

Ahn, W-k., Flanagan, E., Marsh, & Sanislow, C. (2006). Beliefs About Essences and the Reality of Mental Disorders. Psychological Science, 17, 9, 759-766

Albarracin, D., Johnson, B., Zanna, M., & Kunkale, G. (2005). Attitude: Introduction and scope. In The handbook of attitudes (pp. 3-19). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Albuquerque, R. (n.d.). Breve histórico da legislação de crimes raciais no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro | Artigos JusBrasil. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://regial.jusbrasil.com.br/artigos/111968112/breve-historico-da-legislacao-de-crimes-raciais-no-ordenamento-juridico-brasileiro.

Allport, G., & Malfé, R. (1968). La naturaleza del prejuicio (3a. ed.). Buenos Aires: Eudeba.

Altemeyer, B. (1981). Right-wing authoritarianism. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.

Altemeyer, B. (2007). The authoritarians. Winnipeg: B. Altemeyer.

Amodio, D. (2009). The social neuroscience of intergroup relations. European Review of Social Psychology, 19(1), 1-54.

Andermann, J. (2004). Espetáculos da diferença: A Exposição Antropológica Brasileira de 1882. Topoi – Revista De História, 5(9), 128-170.

Anti-racismo: Coletâneas de leis brasileiras : Federais, estaduais e municipais (1a. ed.). (1998). São Paulo: Editora Oliveira Mendes.

Arteaga, J., & El-Hani, C. (2010). Physical anthropology and the description of the ‘savage’ in the Brazilian Anthropological Exhibition of 1882. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos, 17(2), 399-414.

Asmore, R., & DelBoca, F. (1981). Conceptual approaches to stereotypes and stereotyping. In Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior (pp. 1-36). Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Azevedo, A. (2001). Artur Azevedo. In 100 Melhores contos de humor da literatura universal (pp. 292-296). Rio de Janeiro: Ediouro.

Bargh, J., Chen, M., & Burrows, L. (1996). Automaticity Of Social Behavior: Direct Effects Of Trait Construct And Stereotype Activation On Action. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(2), 230-244.

Barkun, M. (2003). A culture of conspiracy apocalyptic visions in contemporary America. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Bastian, B., & Haslam, N. (2006). Psychological essentialism and stereotype endorsement. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 228–235.

Bastian, B., & Haslam, N. (2006). Psychological essentialism and stereotype endorsement. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 228–235.

Bastian, B., & Haslam, N. (2007). Psychological essentialism and attention allocation. Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 531–541.

Bastian, B., & Haslam, N. (2008). Psychological essentialism and social identification: Immigration from two perspectives. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 11, 127–140.

Batista, L., & Leite, F. (1011). O negro nos espaço publicitários brasileiros: Perspectivas contemporâneas em diálogo. São Paulo: ECA/CONE.

Baumeister, R., & Leary, M. (1995). The Need To Belong: Desire For Interpersonal Attachments As A Fundamental Human Motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497-529.

Bazzini, D., Curtin, L., Joslin, S., Regan, S., & Martz, D. (2010). Do Animated Disney Characters Portray And Promote The Beauty-Goodness Stereotype? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(10), 2687-2709.

Beck, E., & Tolnay, S. (1990). The Killing Fields of the Deep South: The Market for Cotton and the Lynching of Blacks, 1882-1930. American Sociological Review, 55(4), 526-526.

Berkowitz, L. (1986). Advances in experimental social psychology vol. 19. Orlando: Academic Press.

Berkowitz, L. (1988). Advances in experimental social psychology. San Diego: Academic Press.

Berkowitz, L. (1989). Frustration- aggression Hypothesis: Examination And Reformulation. Psychological Bulletin, 106(1), 59-73.

Betancourt, V., Rodríguez, A., Quiles, M., & Rodríguez, T. (2005). Relación de la infrahumanización del exogrupo con los procesos de inferencia y memoria. Psicothema, 17(3), 447-452.

Black, D. (1995). Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model. Journal of Labor Economics, 13(2), 309-309.

Blair, I., & Banaji, M. (1996). Automatic and controlled processes in stereotype priming. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(6), 1142-1163.

Blanchard, F., Crandall, C., Brigham, J., & Vaughn, L. (1994). Condemning and condoning racism: A social context approach to interracial settings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(6), 993-997.

Blank, R., Dabady, M., & Citro, C. (2004). Measuring racial discrimination. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Blauner, R. (1969). Internal Colonialism and Ghetto Revolt. Social Problems, 16(4), 393-408.

Block, R. (1990). Cognitive models of psychological time. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Bodenhausen, G., & Lambert, A. (2003). Foundations of social cognition. A festschrift in honor of Robert S. Wyer, Jr. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

Bogardus, E. (1959). Social distance. Los Angeles: [n.p.].

Bottom, W., & Kong, D. (2012). “The Casual Cruelty Of Our Prejudices”: On Walter Lippmann’s Theory Of Stereotype And Its “Obliteration” In Psychology And Social Science. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 48(4), 363-394.

Bradford, P., & Blume, H. (1992). Ota Benga: The pygmy in the zoo. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Brewer, M. (1988). A dual process model of impression formation. In Advances in social cognition (pp. 1-36). Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

Brewer, M. (1999). The Psychology Of Prejudice: Ingroup Love And Outgroup Hate? Journal of Social Issues, 55(3), 429-444.

Brewer, M. (2007). The Importance Of Being We: Human Nature And Intergroup Relations. American Psychologist, 62(8), 728-738.

Brigham, C. (1930). Intelligence tests of immigrant groups. Psychological Review, 37(2), 158-165.

Brigham, J. (1971). Ethnic Stereotypes. Psychological Bulletin, 76(1), 15-38.

Brigham, J. (1993). College Students’ Racial Attitudes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23(23), 1933-1967.

Brown, R. (1988). Group processes: Dynamics within and between groups. Oxford, UK: B. Blackwell.

Brown, R. (1995). Prejudice: Its social psychology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Brown, R., & Gaertner, S. (2003). Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology Intergroup Processes. Oxford: Blackwell.

Brunner, J. S. & Taguiri, R. (1954). The perception of people. Em G. Lindzey (Ed.). The Handbook of social psychology. vol. 2- p. 634-654. Reading, Ma: Addison-Wesley.

Bunge, M. (1980). Epistemologia curso de atualização. São Paulo: T. a. Queiroz.

Cacioppo, J., & Cacioppo, S. (2013). Social Neuroscience. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 86(6), 667-669.

Camino, L., Silva, P., Machado, A., & Pereira, C. (2001). A face oculta do racismo no Brasil: Uma análise psicossociológica. Revista De Psicologia Política, 1, 13-36.

Camino, L., Torres, A., LIma, M., & Pereira, M. (2013). Psicologia Social: Temas e teorias. (2011 ed.). Brasília: Technopolitik.

Campbell, D. (1958). Common fate, similarity, and other indices of the status of aggregates of persons as social entities. Behavioral Science, 3(1), 14-25.

Cardinale, G. (2004). The Preparation of ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 7 on National Legislation to combat Racism and Racial Discrimination. In The development of legal instruments to combat racism in a diverse Europe (pp. 81-82). Leiden: M. Nijhoff.

Carli, L. L. (1999). Cognitive reconstruction, hindsight, and reactions to victims and perpetrators. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 966–979

Carmichael, S., & Hamilton, C. (1967). Black power: The politics of liberation in America. New York: Random House.

Carson, J. (1993). Army Alpha, Army Brass, And The Search For Army Intelligence. ISIS, 84(2), 278-278.

Chaiken, S. (1980). Heuristic Versus Systematic Information Processing And The Use Of Source Versus Message Cues In Persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(5), 752-766.

Chao, M., Chen, J., Roisman, G. I., & Hong, Y. Y. (2007). Essentializing race: Implications for bicultural individuals’ cognition and physiological reactivity. Psychological Science, 18, 341–348.

Chekroud, A., Everett, J., Bridge, H., & Hewstone, M. (2014). A review of neuroimaging studies of race-related prejudice: Does amygdala response reflect threat? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 179:1-179:11.

Choma, B., & Hodson, G. (2008). And So the Pendulum Swings: A Framework for Conceptualizing the Causes of Prejudice. In The psychology of modern prejudice (pp. 1-25). New York: Nova Science.

Chugrov, S. (1993). Ethnic Stereotypes and Their Influence on the Shaping of Public Opinion. Sociological Research, 32(6), 80-99.
obter

Clark, K., & Clark, M. (1939). The Development of Consciousness of Self and the Emergence of Racial Identification in Negro Preschool Children. The Journal of Social Psychology, 10(4), 591-599.

Clark, K., & Clark, M. (1947). Racial identification and preference in Negro children. In Readings in social psychology (3d ed., pp. 169-178). New York: Holt.

Coenders, M., Scheepers, P., Sniderman, P., & Verberk, G. (2001). Blatant And Subtle Prejudice: Dimensions, Determinants, And Consequences; Some Comments On Pettigrew And Meertens. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31(3), 281-297.

Coleman, J., & Hong, Y. (2008). Beyond nature and nurture: The influence of lay gender theories on self-stereotyping. Self & Identity, 7, 34 –53.

Corrigan, P. (2004). How stigma interferes with mental health care. American Psychologist, 59, 614–625.

Cousins, S. (1989). Culture and self-perception in Japan and the United States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(1), 124-131.

Crocker, J., & Knight, K. (2005). Contingencies Of Self-Worth. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(4), 200-203.

Cronbach, L. (1957). The Two Disciplines Of Scientific Psychology. American Psychologist, 12(11), 671-684.

Cykara, M., & Van Bavel, J. (2014). The Neuroscience of Intergroup Relations: An Integrative Review. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(3), 245-274.

Damasio, H., Grabowski, T., Frank, R., Galaburda, A., & Damasio, A. (1994). The Return Of Phineas Gage: Clues About The Brain From The Skull Of A Famous Patient. Science, 264(5162), 1102-1105.

Dar-Nimrod, I. & Heine, S. (2006). Exposure to Scientific Theories Affects Women’s Math Performance. Science, 314, 435.

Darley, J., & Fazio, R. (1980). Expectancy Confirmation Processes Arising In The Social Interaction Sequence. American Psychologist, 35(10), 867-881.

Dasgupta, N., Banaji, M., & Abelson, R. (1999). Group entitativity and group perception: Associations between physical features and psychological judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(5), 991-1003.

Derks, B., Inzlicht, M., & Kang, S. (2008). The Neuroscience Of Stigma And Stereotype Threat. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 11(2), 163-181.

Devine, P. (1989). Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(1), 5-18.

Devine, P., & Elliot, A. (1995). Are Racial Stereotypes Really Fading? The Princeton Trilogy Revisited. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21(11), 1139-1150.

Dijksterhuis, A., Van Knippenberg, A., Kruglanski, A., & Schaper, C. (1996). Motivated Social Cognition: Need For Closure Effects On Memory And Judgment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32(3), 254-270.

Diwan, P. (2007). Raça pura: Uma história da eugenia no Brasil e no mundo. São Paulo, SP: Editora Contexto.

Dovidio, J., & Gaertner, S. (1986). Prejudice, discrimination, and racism. Orlando: Academic Press.

Dovidio, J., & Gaertner, S. (2000). Aversive Racism And Selection Decisions: 1989 And 1999. Psychological Science, 11(4), 315-319.

Dovidio, J. (2001). On The Nature Of Contemporary Prejudice: The Third Wave. Journal of Social Issues, 57(4), 829-849.

Dovidio, J., Kawakami, K., & Gaertner, S. (2002). Implicit and explicit prejudice and interracial interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 62-68.

Dovidio, J., & Hewstone, M. (2010). The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. London: Sage Publications.

Dovidio, J., Hewstone, M., Glick, P., & Esses, V. (2013). The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. London: Sage Publications.

Duckitt, J. (1992). The social psychology of prejudice. New York: Praeger.

Duckitt, J. (1992). Psychology And Prejudice: A Historical Analysis And Integrative Framework. American Psychologist, 47(10), 1182-1193.

Duckitt, J. (1993). Right-Wing Authoritarianism Among White South African Students: Its Measurement and Correlates. The Journal of Social Psychology, 133(4), 553-563.

Duckitt, J. (2001). A dual-­process cognitive-motivational theory of ideology and prejudice. In Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 41-113). San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.

Duckitt, J. (2010). Historical overview. In The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 29-44). London: Sage Publications.

Eagly, A., & Steffen, V. (1984). Gender Stereotypes Stem From The Distribution Of Women And Men Into Social Roles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46(4), 735-754.

Eagly, A., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College.

Ebert, R. (1999). Ebert’s bigger little movie glossary a greatly expanded and much improved compendium of movie clichés, stereotypes, obligatory scenes, hackneyed formulas, shopworn conventions, and outdated archetypes. Kansas City, Mo.: Andrews McMeel.

El presidente de Gambia promete perseguir a los gais como a “alimañas” (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2014/02/19/actualidad/1392801377_146961.html

Ellemers, N., Spears, R., & Doosje, B. (2002). Self and social identity. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 161-186.

Ellis Island – FREE Port of New York Passenger Records Search. (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island.asp

Estereótipos do negro nas telenovelas Insensato Coração e Rebelde. (2011, June 24). Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://negrosnegrascristaos.ning.com/forum/topics/estereotipos-do-negro-nas

Estrada, C., Yzerbyt, V., & Seron, E. (2004). Efecto del esencialismo psicológico sobre las teorías ingenuas de las diferencias grupales. Psicothema, 16, 181-186.

Estramiana, J., & Garrido, A. (2007). Psicologia social: Perspectivas psicológicas e sociológicas. São Paulo: McGraw-Hill.

Evans, J. (2008). Dual-Processing Accounts Of Reasoning, Judgment, And Social Cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59(1), 255-278.

Evans, J., & Stanovich, K. (2013). Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition: Advancing the Debate. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(3), 223-241.

Faculdade de Medicina, U. (n.d.). Política Nacional de Saúde da População Negra: Uma Questão de Equidade. Retrieved May 6, 2014, from http://www.medicina.ufba.br/pronegro/pronegro.pdf

Fairchild, H., & Gurin, P. (1978). Traditions in the Social-Psychological Analysis of Race Relations. American Behavioral Scientist, 21, 757-778.

Fanon, F. (1968). Os condenados da terra. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira.

Fazio, R. (1986). How do attitudes guide behavior? In Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior (pp. 204-243). New York: Guilford Press.

Fazio, R., & Dunton, B. (1997). Categorization by Race: The Impact of Automatic and Controlled Components of Racial Prejudice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 33(5), 451-470.

Feagin, J. (1991). The Continuing Significance of Race: Antiblack Discrimination in Public Places. American Sociological Review, 56(1), 101-101.

Festinger, L. (1954). A Theory Of Social Comparison Processes. Human Relations, 7(2), 117-140.

Festinger, L., Riecken, H., & Schachter, S. (1956). When prophecy fails,. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Fishbein, H. (2004). The Genetic/Evolutionary Basis of Prejudice and Hatred. Journal of Hate Studies, 3(13), 113-119.

Fiske, S., & Russel, A. (2010). Cognitive processes. In The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 115-130). London: Sage Publications.

Fiske, S., & Taylor, S. (1984). Social cognition. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub.

Fiske, S., & Neuberg, S. (1988). A continuum model of impression formation: From category-based to individuating processes as a function of information, motivation, and attention. In Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 1-108). San Diego: Academic Press.

Fiske, S., Cuddy, A., Glick, P., & Xu, J. (2002). A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 878-902.

Fiske, S., Harris, L., Lee, T., & Russel, A. (2009). The Future of Research on Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination. In Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination (pp. 525-534). New York: Psychology Press.

Forbes, C., & Grafman, J. (2013). Social neuroscience: The second phase. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 20:1-20:5.

Forgas, J., & Fiedler, K. (1996). Us and them: Mood effects on intergroup discrimination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(1), 28-40.

Foster, M., & Matheson, K. (1999). Perceiving and Responding to the Personal/Group Discrimination Discrepancy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(10), 1319-1329.

Fraisse, P. (1984). Perception and Estimation of Time. Annual Review of Psychology, 35(1), 1-36.

Franklin-Jackson, D., & Carter, R. (2007). The Relationships Between Race-Related Stress, Racial Identity, and Mental Health for Black Americans. Journal of Black Psychology, 33(1), 5-26.

Franks, D. (2013). Handbook of neurosociology. Dordrecht: Springer.

Gaertner, L., Iuzzini, J., Witt, M., & Oriña, M. (2006). Us Without Them: Evidence for an Intragroup Origin of Positive In-Group Regard. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(3), 426-439.Eagly & Steffen, 1984

Gaertner, S., & Mclaughlin, J. (1983). Racial Stereotypes: Associations and Ascriptions of Positive and Negative Characteristics. Social Psychology Quarterly, 46(1), 23-23.

Garcia, A., & Souza, E. (2010). Sexualidade e trabalho: Estudo sobre a discriminação de homossexuais masculinos no setor bancário. Revista De Administração Pública, 44(6), 1353-1377.

Gawronski, B. (2009). Ten frequently asked questions about implicit measures and their frequently supposed, but not entirely correct answers. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 50(3), 141-150.

Gelman, S. A. (2003). The essential child: Origins of essentialism in everyday thought, Oxford.

Gelman, S. (2004). Psychological Essentialism In Children. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(9), 404-409.

Gelman, S. & Hirschfeld (1999). How biological is essentialism. Em D. Medin & S. Atran (Eds. Folkbiology.  pp. 403-446. Massachussets: MIT Press.

Gelman, S., & Wellman, H. (1991). Insides and essences: Early understandings of the non-obvious. Cognition, 38(3), 213-244.

Gerrig, R., & Prentice, D. (1991). The Representation Of Fictional Information. Psychological Science, 2(5), 336-340.

Gil-White, F.J. (2001). Are ethnic groups biological ‘‘species’’ to the human brain? Current Anthropology, 42, 515–554.

Gilbert, D. (1989). Thinking lightly about others: Automatic components of the social inference process. In Unintended thought (pp. 189-211). New York: Guilford Press.

Gilbert, D., & Hixon, J. (1991). The trouble of thinking: Activation and application of stereotypic beliefs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(4), 509-517.

Gilbert, D., Fiske, S., & Lindzey, G. (1998). The handbook of social psychology (4th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill ;.

Gilovich, T., Griffin, D., & Kahneman, D. (2002). Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgement. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Gray, D., & Durrheim, K. (2006). The Validity and Reliability of Measures of Right-Wing Authoritarianism in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 36(3), 500-520.

Green, D., McFalls, L., & Smith, J. (2001). Hate Crime: An Emergent Research Agenda. Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 479-504.

Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Rosenblatt, A., Veeder, M., Kirkland, S.e colaboradores (1990). Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural worldview. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 308–318.

Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., & Arndt, J. (2008). A basic but uniquely human motivation: Terror management. In J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.). Handbook of motivation science (pp. 114–154). New York: Guilford.

Greenwald, A. (1989). Why are attitudes important? In Attitude structure and function (pp. 1-10). Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Greenwald, A., & Banaji, M. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological Review, 102(1), 4-27.

Grubor, J., & Hinic, D. (2011). Key dimensions of stereotypes in ethnic and nationality jokes. Sociologija, 53(4), 385-399.

Gruda, M. (2014). O controverso discurso do politicamente correto: Algumas considerações e desdobramentos. Revista Brasileira De Psicologia, 1(2), 147-163.

Guimarães, A. (1999). Racismo e anti-racismo no Brasil (1a ed.). São Paulo, SP, Brasil: Fundação de Apoio à Universidade de São Paulo.

Guimarães, A. (2004). Preconceito e discriminação: Queixas de ofensas e tratamento desigual dos negros no Brasil (2.nd ed.). São Paulo: Ed. 34.

Guimarães, A., & Huntley, L. (2000). Tirando a máscara: Ensaios sobre o racismo no Brasil. São Paulo, SP: Paz e Terra.

Haddock, G., Zanna, M., & Esses, V. (1993). Assessing the structure of prejudicial attitudes: The case of attitudes toward homosexuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(6), 1105-1118.

Haddock, G., & Zanna, M. (1994). Preferring “Housewives” To “Feminists”: Categorization and the Favorability of Attitudes Toward Women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18(1), 25-52.

Haller, Jr, J. (1971). Outcasts from evolution; scientific attitudes of racial inferiority, 1859-1900. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Hamilton, D. (1981). Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Hamilton, D., & Gifford, R. (1976). Illusory Correlation In Interpersonal Perception: A Cognitive Basis Of Stereotypic Judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 12(4), 392-407.

Hamilton, D., Sherman, S., & Ruvolo, C. (1990). Stereotype-Based Expectancies: Effects on Information Processing and Social Behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 46(2), 35-60.

Haney, C., Banks, C., & Zimbardo, P. (1973). Study of prisoners and guards in a simulated prison. Naval Research Reviews, 9, 1-17.

Haney, C., Banks, C., & Zimbardo, P. (1973). “Interpersonal dynamics in a simulated prison. International Journal of Criminology and Penology, 1, 69-97.

Haslam, N. (1998). Natural kinds, human kinds and essentialism. Social Research, 65, 291–314.

Haslam, N. (2000). Psychiatric categories as natural kinds: Essentialist thinking about mental disorder. Social Research, 67, 1031–1058.

Haslam, N. (2004). Essentialist Beliefs About Personality And Their Implications. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(12), 1661-1673.

Haslam, N., Bain, P., Douge, L., Lee, M., & Bastian, B. (2005). More human than you: Attributing humanness to self and others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 937–950.

Haslam, N., Bastian, B., Bain, P., & Kashima, Y. (2006). Psychological Essentialism, Implicit Theories, and Intergroup Relations. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 9(1), 63-76.

Haslam, N., Bastian, B. & Bissett, M. (2004). Essentialist Beliefs About Personality and Their Implications. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 12, 1661-1673.

Haslam, N., & Ernst, D. (2002). Essentialist beliefs about mental disorders. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 21, 628–644.

Haslam, N., & Levy, S.R. (2006). Essentialist beliefs about homosexuality: Structure and implications for prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 471–485.

Haslam, N., Rothschild, L., & Ernst, D. (2000). Essentialist beliefs about social categories. British Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 113–127.

Haslam, N., Rothschild, L., & Ernst, D. (2002). Are essentialist beliefs associated with prejudice? British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 87–100.

Haslam, N. & Whelan, J. (2008). Human Natures: Psychological Essentialism in Thinking about Differences between People. ocial and Personality Psychology Compass, 2/3, 1297–1312.

Hegarty, P. & Pratto F. (2001). The effects of social category norms and stereotypes on explanations for intergroup differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2001 May;80(5):723-35.

Heider, F. (1970). Psicologia das relações interpessoais. (tradução: Dante Moreira leite). São Paulo: Pioneira.

Henry, P. (2010). Modern racism. In Encyclopedia of group processes & intergroup relations (pp. 576-578). New Delhi.: SAGE Publications.

Henry, P., & Sears, D. (2002). The Symbolic Racism 2000 Scale. Political Psychology, 23(2), 253-283.

Higgins, E., & Kruglanski, A. (1996). Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles. New York: Guilford Press.

Hirschfeld, L.A. (1995). Do children have a theory of race? Cognition, 54, 209–252.

Hirschfeld, L. A. (1996). Race in the making: Cognition, culture, and the child’s construction of human kinds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Hippel, W., Sekaquaptewa, D., & Vargas, P. (1997). The linguistic intergroup bias as an implicit indicator of prejudice. ournal of Experimental Social Psychology, 33, 5, 490-509.

Hofbauer, A. (2006). Uma história de branqueamento ou o negro em questão. São Paulo: Editora UNESP.

Hovland, C., & Sears, R. (1940). Minor Studies of Aggression: VI. Correlation of Lynchings with Economic Indices. The Journal of Psychology, 9(2), 301-310.

Howell, A., Weikum, B., & Dyck, H. (2011). Psychological essentialism and its association with stigmatization. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1, 95–100.

Hraba, J., & Grant, G. (1970). Black Is Beautiful: A Reexamination Of Racial Preference And Identification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 16(3), 398-402.

Hunt, C., Borgida, E., & Lavine, H. (1994). Social Cognition. In Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed., pp. 456-462). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Hurwitz, J., & Peffley, M. (1997). Public Perceptions of Race and Crime: The Role of Racial Stereotypes. American Journal of Political Science, 41(2), 375-375.

IBGE. (2010). Pesquisa nacional por amostra de domicílios 2009: Características da vitimização e do acesso à justiça no Brasil : Brasil, Grandes Regiões, Unidades da Federação e Regiões Metropolitanas. Rio de Janeiro (RJ): IBGE.

Jacoby, L. (1991). A Process Dissociation Framework: Separating Automatic From Intentional Uses Of Memory. Journal of Memory and Language, 30(5), 513-541.

Jost, J., & Banaji, M. (1994). The role of stereotyping in system-justification and the production of false consciousness. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33(1), 1-27.

Jost, J., Banaji, M. & Nosek, B. (2004). A Decade of System Justification Theory: Accumulated Evidence of Conscious and Unconscious Bolstering of the Status Quo”. International Society of Political Psychology 25 (6): 881–919.

Jost, J. & Major, B. (2001) The Psychology of Legitimacy. Emerging Perspectives on Ideology, Justice, and Intergroup Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jones, E. & Davis, K. (1965). From acts to dispositions: The attribution process in person perceotion. Em L. Berkowitz (Ed.). Advances in experimental social psychology. Vol. 2 , p. 219-266. New York|: Academic Press.

Jones, E. & Harris, V. (1967). The attribution of attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 3, 1-24.

Jones, J., Pelham, B., Carvallo, M., & Mirenberg, M. (2004). How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count The Js: Implicit Egotism And Interpersonal Attraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(5), 665-683.

Jost J.T.,  Pelham B.W., Sheldon O., Sullivan B.N. (2003). Social inequality and the reduction of ideological dissonance on behalf of the system: Evidence of enhanced system justification among the disadvantaged. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 13–36.

Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., & Tversky, A. (1982). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kaiser, C., Vick, S., & Major, B. (2006). Prejudice Expectations Moderate Preconscious Attention To Cues That Are Threatening To Social Identity. Psychological Science, 17(4), 332-338.

Karlins, M., Coffman, T., & Walters, G. (1969). On the fading of social stereotypes: Studies in three generations of college students. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13(1), 1-16.

Katz, D., & Braly, K. (1933). Racial Stereotypes Of One Hundred College Students. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 28(3), 280-290.

Katz, D. (1960). The Functional Approach to the Study of Attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly, 24(2, Special Issue: Attitude Change), 163-163.

Katz, I., & Hass, R. (1988). Racial ambivalence and American value conflict: Correlational and priming studies of dual cognitive structures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(6), 893-905.

Katz, P., & Taylor, D. (1988). Eliminating racism: Profiles in controversy. New York: Plenum Press.

Keller, J. (2005). In Genes We Trust: The Biological Component of Psychological Essentialism and Its Relationship to Mechanisms of Motivated Social Cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(4), 686-702.

Kelley, H. (1967). Attribution theory in social psychology. Em D. Levine (Ed.). Nebraska Symposium on Motivation.  (Vol. 15), p. 192-138. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Kelman, H. (1958). Compliance, Identification, And Internalization Three Processes Of Attitude Change. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2(1), 51-60.

Kessler, T., Mummendey, A., & Leisse, U. (2000). The personal-group discrepancy: Is there a common information basis for personal and group judgment? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(1), 95-109.

Kevles, D. (1985). In the name of eugenics: Genetics and the uses of human heredity. New York: Knopf.

Kick It Out unveils findings of research into football-related hate crime on social media. (2015, April 16). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.kickitout.org/news/kick-it-out-unveils-findings-of-research-into-football-related-hate-crime-on-social-media/#.VTUAgaUViko

Kinder, D., & Sears, D. (1981). Prejudice and politics: Symbolic racism versus racial threats to the good life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(3), 414-431.

King, R., & Wheelock, D. (2007). Group Threat And Social Control: Race, Perceptions Of Minorities And The Desire To Punish. Social Forces, 85(3), 1255-1280.

Krosnic, J., Judd, C., & Wittenbrink, B. (2005). The Measurement of Attitudes. In The handbook of attitudes (pp. 21-76). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kruger, H. (1986). Introdução a psicologia social. São Paulo: Epu.

Kruglanski, A., & Fishman, S. (2009). The Need for Cognitive Closure. In Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 343-353). New York: Guilford Press.

Kruglanski, A., & Freund, T. (1983). The freezing and unfreezing of lay-inferences: Effects on impressional primacy, ethnic stereotyping, and numerical anchoring. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19(5), 448-468.

Krüger, H. (1995). Psicologia das crenças: Perspectivas teóricas. Rio de Janeiro: Tese de concurso para professor titular do Departamento de Psicologia Social e institucional da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

Kurzban, R. (2001). Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98(26), 15387-15392.

Landau, M. J., Johns, M., Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., & Martens, A. (2004). A function of form: Terror management and structuring of the social world. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 190–210

LaPiere, R. (1934). Attitudes vs action. Social Forces, 13, 230-237.

Lane, K., Kang, J., & Banaji, M. (2007). Implicit Social Cognition and Law. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 3(1), 427-451.

LeVine, R., & Campbell, D. (1972). Ethnocentrism: Theories of conflict, ethnic attitudes, and group behavior. New York: Wiley.

Leary, M., & Hoyle, R. (2009). Authoritarism and dogmatism. In Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 298-317). New York: Guilford Press.

Leonardelli, G., & Brewer, M. (2001). Minority and Majority Discrimination: When and Why. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37(6), 468-485.

Lepore, L., & Brown, R. (1997). Category And Stereotype Activation: Is Prejudice Inevitable? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(2), 275-287.

Lerner, M. J. (1980). The belief in a just world: A fundamental delusion.
New York: Plenum Press.

Levine, J., & Hoogs, M. (2010). Encyclopedia of group processes & intergroup relations. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Levy, S., Stroessner, S. J., & Dweck, C. S. (1998). Stereotype formation and endorsement: The role of implicit theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 6, 1421-1436.

Lickel, B., Hamilton, D., Wieczorkowska, G., Lewis, A., Sherman, S., & Uhles, A. (2000). Varieties of groups and the perception of group entitativity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 223-246.

Lindzey, G., & Aronson, E. (1985). The handbook of social psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Random House.

Linville, P., Fischer, G., & Salovey, P. (1989). Perceived distributions of the characteristics of in-group and out-group members: Empirical evidence and a computer simulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(2), 165-188.

Locksley, A., Borgida, E., Brekke, N., & Hepburn, C. (1980). Sex stereotypes and social judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(5), 821-831.

Luchins, A., & Luchins, E. (1959). Rigidity of behavior: A variational approach to the effect of Einstellung. Eugene, Oregon: Univ. of Oregon Books.

Maass, A., Salvi, D., Arcuri, L., & Semin, G. (1989). Language use in intergroup contexts: The linguistic intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 981-993.

Maciel, F. (2014). Trabalho socialmente desqualificado: Auxiliares de serviços gerais em Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ. Urutágua, 29, 158-167.

Mackie, D., & Smith, E. (2002). From prejudice to intergroup emotions: Differentiated reactions to social groups. New York: Psychology Press.

Mackie, D., Maitner, A. & Smith, E. (2009). Intergroup Emotions Theory. Em T. Nelson Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. New York: Psychology Press.

Macrae, C., Milne, A., & Bodenhausen, G. (1994). Stereotypes as energy-saving devices: A peek inside the cognitive toolbox. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(1), 37-47.

Macrae, C., & Bodenhausen, G. (2000). Social Cognition: Thinking Categorically About Others. Annual Review of Psychology, 51(1), 93-120.

Macrae, C., Alnwick, K., Milne, A., & Schloerscheidt, A. (2002). Person Perception Across The Menstrual Cycle: Hormonal Influences On Social-Cognitive Functioning. Psychological Science, 13(6), 532-536.

Macrae, C., Stangor, C., & Milne, A. (1994). Activating Social Stereotypes: A Functional Analysis. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 30(4), 370-389.

Mahalingam, R. (2003a). Essentialism, culture, and power: Representations of social class. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 733–749.

Mahalingam, R. (2003b). Essentialism, culture, and beliefs about gen- der among the Aravanis of Tamil Nadu, India. Sex Roles, 49, 489- 496

Maio, M. (2000). O Projeto Unesco: Ciências sociais e o “credo racial brasileiro” Revista USP, 0(46), 115-115.

Malle, B. (1999). How People Explain Behavior: A New Theoretical Framework. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3(1), 23-48.

Malle, B. (2004). How the mind explains behavior folk explanations, meaning, and social interaction. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Maloa, B. (2013). Conhecimentos, atitudes, crenças e comportamentos em relação ao HIV-AIDS nas escolas secundárias: Um estudo comparativo entre as cidades de Maputo, Beira e Lichinga em Moçambique. Salvador, Bahia: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia/Universidade Federal da Bahia.

Mamigonian, B., & Grinberg, K. (2007). Apresentação. Estudos Afro-Asiáticos, 29(1/2/3), 87-90.

Martin, L., Seta, J., & Crelia, R. (1990). Assimilation and contrast as a function of people’s willingness and ability to expend effort in forming an impression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(1), 27-37.

Marx, G., & Wood, J. (1975). Strands of Theory and Research in Collective Behavior. Annual Review of Sociology, 1(1), 363-428.

Maryanski, A. (2013). The Secret of the Hominin Mind: An Evolutionary Story. In Handbook of neurosociology (pp. 257 – 287). Dordrecht: Springer.

Mata, V. (2009). Discriminação racial: Um estudo dos episódios registrados na Promotoria de Combate ao racismo , do Ministério Público em Salvador. Salvador: Instituto de Psicologia. Dissertação defendida no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia.

McClelland, J., McNaughton, B., & O’Reilly, R. (1995). Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: Insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory. Psychological Review, 102(3), 419-457.

McConahay, J. (1986). Modern racism, ambivalence, and Moder Racism Scale. In Prejudice, discrimination, and racism (pp. 91-126). Orlando: Academic Press.

McConahay, J., Hardee, B., & Batts, V. (1981). Has Racism Declined in America? It depends on who is asking and what is asked. HJournal of Conflict Resolution, 25(4), 563-579.

Mccauley, C., & Stitt, C. (1978). An individual and quantitative measure of stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(9), 929-940.

Mcconahay, J., & Hough, J. (1976). Symbolic Racism. Journal of Social Issues, 32(2), 23-45.

Medin, D. (1989). Concepts and conceptual structure. American Psychologist, 44(12), 1469-1481.

Medin, D., Goldstone, R., & Gentner, D. (1993). Respects for similarity. Psychological Review, 100(2), 254-278.

Medin, D.L., & Ortony, A. (1989). Psychological essentialism. In S. Vosniadou & A. Ortony (Eds.), Similarity and analogical reasoning (pp. 179–195). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mehta, S. I., & Farina, A. (1997). Is being sick really better? Effect of the disease view of mental disorder on stigma. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16, 405– 419.

Meloen, J., Linden, G., & Witte, H. (1996). A Test of the Approaches of Adorno et al.,Altemeyer of Authoritarianism in Belgian Flanders: A Research Note. Political Psychology, 17(4), 643-656.

Messick, D., & Mackie, D. (1989). Intergroup relations. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 45-81.

Michotte, A. (1963). The perception of causality. New York: Basic books.

Miller, N., Sears, R., Mowrer, O., Doob, L., & Dollard, J. (1941). I. The Frustration-aggression Hypothesis. Psychological Review, 48(4), 337-342. Retrieved July 4, 2014, from http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/FrustAgg/miller.htm

Mintz, A. (1946). A re-examination of correlations between lynchings and economic indices. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 41(2), 154-160.

Mintz, L. (1996). Humor and Ethnic Stereotypes in Vaudeville and Burlesque. MELUS, 21(4), 19-19.

Molenberghs, P. (2013). The neuroscience of in-group bias. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(8), 1530-1536.

Moore, C. (2007). Racismo & sociedade: Novas bases epistemológicas para entender o racismo. Belo Horizonte, MG: Mazza.

Morrison, M., & Morrison, T. (2008). The psychology of modern prejudice. New York: Nova Science.

Moskowitz, G. (2005). Social cognition: Understanding self and others. New York: Guilford Press.

Nakamura, L., & White, P. (2011). Race after the Internet. New York: Routledge.

Nelson, T. (2013). The Neurobiology of Stereotyping and Prejudice. In Handbook of neurosociology (pp. 349-358). Dordrecht: Springer.

Nelson, T. (2009). Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. New York: Psychology Press.

Newcomb, T., & Hartley, E. (1947). Readings in social psychology. New York: Holt.

Newman, L., & Erber, R. (2002). Understanding genocide the social psychology of the Holocaust. New York: Oxford University Press.

Niessen, J., & Chopin, I. (2004). The development of legal instruments to combat racism in a diverse Europe. Leiden: M. Nijhoff.

Olson, J., Roese, N., & Zanna, M. (1996). Expectancies. In Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 211-238). New York: Guilford Press.

Oskamp, S. (2000). Reducing prejudice and discrimination. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Otazu, J. (2015, February 1). Crianças ainda nascem escravas na Mauritânia – Notí­cias – UOL Notí­cias. Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://noticias.uol.com.br/ultimas-noticias/efe/2015/02/01/criancas-ainda-nascem-escravas-na-mauritania.htm

Ovadiya, M., & Zampaglione, G. (2009). Escaping stigma and neglect people with disabilities in Sierra Leone. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Oyserman, D., Sorensen, N., Reber, R., & Chen, S. (2009). Connecting And Separating Mind-sets: Culture As Situated Cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(2), 217-235.

Paganotti, I. (2007). Imagens e estereótipos do Brasil em reportagens de correspondentes internacionais. RUMORES – Revista Online De Comunicação, Linguagem E Mídias, 1(1). Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://www.rumores.usp.br/visu_art2.asp?cod_atual=121

Paluck, E., & Green, D. (2009). Prejudice Reduction: What Works? A Review And Assessment Of Research And Practice. Annual Review of Psychology, 60(1), 339-367.

Paluck, E. (2009). Reducing Intergroup Prejudice And Conflict Using The Media: A Field Experiment In Rwanda. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 574-587.
procurar

Pearson, A., Dovidio, J., & Gaertner, S. (2009). The Nature Of Contemporary Prejudice: Insights From Aversive Racism. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3(3), 314-338.

Pereira, M. (2002). Psicologia social dos estereótipos. São Paulo (SP): EPU.

Pereira, M. (2013). Cognição social. In Psicologia Social: Temas e teorias. (2a edição ed., pp. 191-260). Brasĺia: Technopolitik.

Pereira, M. E.; Fagundes, A. L. M. ; Silva, J. F.& Takei, R.(2003). Os estereótipos e o viés linguístico intergrupal. Interação (Curitiba), Curitiba, 7, 1, p. 127-140.

Pereira, M.; Ferreira, F., Martins, A., & Cupertino, C. (2002). Imagens e significado e o processamento dos estereótipos. Estudos De Psicologia (Natal), 7(2), 389-397.

Pereira, M. E.;  Modesto. J. G.; Matos, M. D. & NASCIMENTO, V. S. (2013). Em direção a uma nova definição de estereótipos: teste empírico do modelo em um segundo cenário experimental. Psicologia & Saber Social, 2,17-32.

Pereira, M. E.;  Modesto, J. G. & Matos, M. D. (2012). Em direção a uma nova definição de estereótipos: teste empírico do modelo num primeiro cenário experimental. Psicologia e Saber Social, 1, 201-220.

Pereira, M., Paim, A., Mata, V., & Dantas, G. (2011). Estereótipos e preconceitos nas inserções publicitárias difundidas no horário nobre da televisão baiana. In . O negro nos espaço publicitários brasileiros: Perspectivas contemporâneas em diálogo (pp. 87-104). São Paulo: ECA/CONE.

Pereira, M. E.; Silva, J.; Fagundes, A. L. M. & Takei, R. (2005) Efeitos de ordem, do entrevistador do local e do horário de coleta dos dados dos resultados de uma pesquisa psicossocial. Psicologia Argumento, 41, 23,65-74.

Pettigrew, T., & Meertens, R. (1995). Subtle And Blatant Prejudice In Western Europe. European Journal of Social Psychology, 25(1), 57-75.

Pettigrew, T. (1958). Personality and socio-cultural factors in intergroup attitudes: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2, 29-42.

Pettigrew, T. (1998). Intergroup Contact Theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49(1), 65-85.

Pettigrew, T., & Meertens, R. (1995). Subtle And Blatant Prejudice In Western Europe. European Journal of Social Psychology, 25(1), 57-75.

Petty, R., & Cacioppo, T. (1986). The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion. In Advances in experimental social psychology vol.19 (pp. 123-205). Orlando: Academic Press.

Petty, R., & Cacioppo, J. (1986). Communication and persuasion: Central and peripheral routes to attitude change. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Phelan, J. C. (2005). Geneticization of deviant behavior and consequences for stigma: The case of mental illness. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46, 307–322.

Pickett, C. (2001). The Effects of Entitativity Beliefs on Implicit Comparisons between Group Members. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(5), 515-525.

Piovesan, F. (1996). Direitos humanos e o direito constitucional internacional. São Paulo, Brazil: Max Limonad.

Plant, E., & Devine, P. (2001). Responses To Other-Imposed Pro-Black Pressure: Acceptance Or Backlash? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37(6), 486-501.

Plous, S. (2003). Understanding prejudice and discrimination. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Powlishta, K., Serbin, L., Doyle, A., & White, D. (1994). Gender, Ethnic, And Body Type Biases: The Generality Of Prejudice In Childhood. Developmental Psychology, 30(4), 526-536.

Pracontal, M. de (2002). A impostura científica em dez lições. São Paulo: Editora UNESP.

Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., Stallworth, L., & Malle, B. (1994). Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(4), 741-763.

Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., & Levin, S. (2006). Social Dominance Theory And The Dynamics Of Intergroup Relations: Taking Stock And Looking Forward. European Review of Social Psychology, 17, 271-320.

Prentice, D., & Miller, D. (2006). Essentializing Differences Between Women and Men. Psychological Science, 17(2), 129-135.

Prentice, D. & Miller, D. (2007). Psychological Essentialism of Human Categories. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 4, 202-206

Quadflieg, S., Turk, D., Waiter, G., Mitchell, J., Jenkins, A., & Macrae, C. (2009). Exploring The Neural Correlates Of Social Stereotyping. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(8), 1560-1570.

Quadflieg, S., Mason, M., & Macrae, C. (2010). Social cognitive neural processes. In The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 65-80). London: Sage PublicatPicket, C. (2001). The effects of entitativity beliefs on implicit comparisons between group members. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(5), 515-525ions.

Ramachandran, V. (2012). Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Read, J., Haslam, N., Sayce, L., & Davies, E. (2006). Prejudice and schizophrenia: A review of the ‘mental illness is an illness like any other’ approach. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 114, 303–318.

Reich, W. (1988). Psicologia de massas do Fascismo (2a ed.). Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes.

Ritzer, G., & Gindoff, P. (1992). Methodological Relationism: Lessons for and from Social Psychology. Social Psychology Quarterly, 55(2), 128-128.

Rokeach, M. (1979, September 10). Number 37. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/classics1979/A1979HJ26700001.pdf

Rokeach, M. (1960). The open and closed mind; investigations into the nature of belief systems and personality systems. New York: Basic Books.

Rothbart, M., & Taylor, M. (1992). Category labels and social reality: Do we view social categories as natural kinds? Em G.R. Semin & K. Fiedler (Eds.).Language, interaction, and social cognition (pp. 11–36). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Rothfels, N. (2002). Savages and beasts: The birth of the modern zoo. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Ruggiero, K. (1999). The Personal/Group Discrimination Discrepancy. Journal of Social Issues, 55(3), 519-536.

Samelson, F. (1977). World war I intelligence testing and the development of psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 13(3), 274-282.

Samelson, F. (1978). From “race psychology” to “studies in prejudice”: Some observations on the thematic reversal in social psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 14(3), 265-278.

Sanford, A. (1987). The mind of man: Models of human understanding. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Schaller, M., & Neuberg, S. (2012). Danger, Disease, and the Nature of Prejudice(s). In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology , vol. 46 (pp. 1-54). Burlington: Elsevier Science.

Schneider, D. (2004). The psychology of stereotyping. New York: Guilford Press.

Schwarcz, L. (1994). Espetáculo da miscigenação. Estudos Avancados, 8(20), 137-152.

Schwarz, N., Bless, H., Wanke, M., & Winkielman, P. (2003). Accessibility Revisited. In Foundations of social cognition a festschrift in honor of Robert S. Wyer, Jr. (pp. 51-78). Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

Sears, D. (1988). Racism simbolic. In Eliminating racism: Profiles in controversy (pp. 53-84). New York: Plenum Press.

Sears, D., & Henry, P. (2003). The Origins Of Symbolic Racism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 259-275.

Sears, D., & Henry, P. (2005). Over Thirty Years Later: A Contemporary Look at Symbolic Racism. In Advances in experimental social psychology Vol. 37 (pp. 95-150). New York: Academic Press.

Semin, G., & Fiedler, K. (1988). The cognitive functions of linguistic categories in describing persons: Social cognition and language. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(4), 558-568.

Sherif, M., Harvey, O., White, B., Wood, W., & Sherif, C. (1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation; the Robbers Cave experiment. Norman: University Book Exchange.

Sherman, J. (1996). Development and mental representation of stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(6), 1126-1141.

Shermer, M. (2011). The believing brain: From ghosts and gods to politics and conspiracies–how we construct beliefs and reinforce them as truths. New York: Times Books.

Sidanius, J., Pratto, F., Martin, M., & Stallworth, L. (1991). Consensual Racism and Career Track: Some Implications of Social Dominance Theory. Political Psychology, 12(4), 691-691.

Simon, B., & Brown, R. (1987). Perceived intragroup homogeneity in minority^majority contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(4), 703-711.

Sloman, S. (1996). The empirical case for two systems of reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 119(1), 3-22.

Smedley, A., & Smedley, B. (2011). Race in North America origin and evolution of a worldview (4th ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Smith, E., & DeCoster, J. (2000). Dual-Process Models In Social And Cognitive Psychology: Conceptual Integration And Links To Underlying Memory Systems. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4(2), 108-131.

Soares, S. (2000). O perfil da discriminação no mercado de trabalho: Homens negros, mulheres brancas e mulheres negras. Brasília: Ipea.

Sokal, A. (2000). The Sokal hoax: The sham that shook the academy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Sorrentino, R., & Higgins, E. (1986). Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior. New York: Guilford Press.

Srull, T., & Wyer, R. (1988). Advances in social cognition. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

Stangor, C. (2009). The Prejudice, and Discrimination Within Social Psychology. A Quick History of Theory and Research. In Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination (pp. 1-22). New York: Psychology Press.

Staub, E., & Bar-Tal, D. (2003) Genocide, mass killing and intractable conflict: Roots, evolution, prevention and reconciliation. In D. O. Sears, L. Huddy, R. Jervis (Eds.) Oxford handbook of political psychology (pp.710-751). New York: Oxford University Press.

Stepan, N. (1990). Eugenics in Brazil 1917-1940. In The Wellborn science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia (pp. 110-). New York: Oxford University Press.

Stephen, W. (1985). Intergroup relations. In The handbook of social psychology vol. 2 (3rd ed., pp. 599-659). New York: Random House.

Stephen, W., & Stephen, C. (2000). An integrated threat theory of prejudice. In Reducing prejudice and discrimination (pp. 23-45). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Stephen, W., Ybarra, O., & Morrison, K. (2009). Integrated Threat Theory. In Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination (pp. 43-59). New York: Psychology Press.

Stephen, W., & Renfro, C. (2002). The role of threats in intergroup relations. In From prejudice to intergroup emotions: Differentiated reactions to social groups (pp. 191-208). New York: Psychology Press.

Swim, J., & Stangor, C. (1998). Prejudice the target’s perspective. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.

Tarman, C., & Sears, D. (2005). The Conceptualization And Measurement Of Symbolic Racism. The Journal of Politics, 67(03), 731-761.

Taylor, M. (2008). The Development of Children’s Beliefs about Social and Biological Aspects of Gender Differences. Child Development, 67, 4, 1555–1571.

Taylor, D., & Jaggi, V. (1974). Ethnocentrism and Causal Attribution in a South Indian Context. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 5(2), 162-171.

Teixeira, J., & Polo, A. (1975). A personalidade autoritária. Componentes e gênese psicológica. Arquivos Brasileiros De Psicologia Aplicada, 27(4), 47-69.

Telles, E. (2003). Racismo à brasileira: Uma nova perspectiva sociológica. Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumará.

Thompson, C. (1934). The Conclusions of Scientists Relative to Racial Differences. Journal of Negro Education, 3(3), 494-532. Retrieved June 27, 2014, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2292386 .

Thompson, M., Judd, C., & Park, B. (2000). The Consequences of Communicating Social Stereotypes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36(6), 567-599.

Thurstone, L. (1928). An Experimental Study of Nationality PReferences. The Journal of General Psychology, 1(3-4), 405-425. Retrieved July 1, 2014, from https://www.brocku.ca/MeadProject/Thurstone/Thurstone_1928y.html

Tomasetto, C., & Appoloni, S. (2013). A lesson not to be learned? Understanding stereotype threat does not protect women from stereotype threat. Social Psychology of Education, 16(2), 199-213.
obter

Triplet, R. (1992). Discriminatory Biases in the Perception of Illness: The Application of Availability and Representativeness Heuristics to the AIDS Crisis. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 3, 303-322.

Turner, J. (1981). Intergroup behaviour. Oxford [Oxfordshire: B. Blackwell.

Turner, J., & Reynolds, K. (2003). The social identity perspective in intergroup relations: Theories, themes, and controversies. In Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intergroup Processes (pp. 133-152). Oxford: Blackwell.

Turner, R. (1990). Some Contributions of Muzafer Sherif to Sociology. Social Psychology Quarterly, 53(4), 283-283.

Turra, C., & Venturi, G. (1995). Racismo cordial a mais completa analise sobre o preconceito de cor no brasil. São Paulo: Atica.

Uleman, J., & Bargh, J. (1989). Unintended thought. New York: Guilford Press.

Vala, J. (1997). Representações sociais e percepções intergrupais. Análise Social, 32(140), 7-29.

Venturi, G., Santos, G., & Silva, M. (2005). Racismo no Brasil: Percepções da discriminação e do preconceito racial no século XXI ([1. ed.). São Paulo: Editora Fundação Perseu Abramo.

Verkuyten, M. (2003). Discourses about ethnic group (de-)essentialism: Oppressive and progressive aspects. British Journal of Social Psychology, 2, 3, 371–39.

Wars in the World. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2014, from http://www.warsintheworld.com/

Webster, D., Kruglanski, A., & Pattison, D. (1997). Motivated language use in intergroup contexts: Need-for-closure effects on the linguistic intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(5), 1122-1131.

Wegner, D., & Bargh, J. (1998). Control and automaticity in social life. In The handbook of social psychology (4th ed., pp. 446-496). Boston: McGraw-Hill ;.

Weiner, B. (1985). An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion. Psychological Review, 92, 4, 548-573

Welcome. (n.d.). Retrieved February 18, 2014, from http://www.disabilitystudiesforteachers.org.

Weiner, B. (1985). (1985). An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion. Psychological Review, 92, 4, 548-573

West, R., & Thakore, B. (2013). Racial Exclusion in the Online World. Future Internet, 5(2), 251-267.

Wiselfisz, J. (2012). Mapa da violência: Jovens no Brasil. Brasília: Instituto Sangari, MInistério da Justiça.

Woodmansee, J., & Cook, S. (1967). Dimensions Of Verbal Racial Attitudes: Their Identification And Measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7(3, Pt.1), 240-250.

Woolf, L., & Hulsizer, M. (2004). Hate Groups for Dummies: How to Build a Successful Hate-Group. Humanity & Society, 28(1), 40-62.

Word, C., Zanna, M., & Cooper, J. (1974). The Nonverbal Mediation Of Self-fulfilling Prophecies In Interracial Interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 10(2), 109-120.

Yzerbyt, V., Corneille, O., & Estrada, C. (2001). The Interplay Of Subjective Essentialism And Entitativity In The Formation Of Stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5(2), 141-155.

Yzerbyt, V., Rocher, S., & Schadron, G. (1997). Stereotypes as explanations: A subjective essentialistic view of group perception. Em R. Spears, P. J. Oakes, N. Ellemers, & S. A. Haslam (Eds.), The social psychology of stereotyping and group life (pp. 20-50). Cambridge, UK: Blackwell.

Zanna, M. (2001). Advances in experimental social psychology vol. 33. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.

Zanna, M. (2005). Advances in experimental social psychology. New York: Academic Press.

Zanna, M., & Olson, J. (2012). Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. Burlington: Elsevier Science.

Zarate, M. (2009). Racism in the 21st Century. In Handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination (pp. 387-406). New York: Psychology Press.

‘Human Zoos” the Invention of the Savage’. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.archivalplatform.org/news/entry/human_zoos_the_invention_of_the_savage/